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Are you struggling with jaw pain, headaches, or difficulty chewing? These could be symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ). At Capitol Square Dental, we understand the frustration and discomfort TMJ can cause. We offer comprehensive TMJ treatment in Columbus, OH, to help you find lasting relief and regain a healthy smile.

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What is TMJ Disorder?

The TMJ joint is a complex structure responsible for various functions, including chewing, speaking, and swallowing. When this joint becomes inflamed or misaligned, it can lead to a range of symptoms, including:

  • Jaw pain and stiffness
  • Difficulty chewing
  • Clicking or popping sounds in the jaw
  • Facial pain
  • Headaches, including migraines
  • Earaches
  • Dizziness
  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ears)
  • Difficulty opening or closing your mouth fully

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Causes of TMJ?

TMD doesn't stem from a single cause but results from various factors or a combination thereof.

Potential causes of TMJ dysfunction may encompass:

  • Jaw injuries, such as a broken or dislocated jaw.
  • Habitual teeth grinding or clenching, known as bruxism.
  • Arthritis affecting the jaw joint.
  • Malocclusion, which occurs when your teeth don't align properly.
  • Stress, which can contribute to jaw tension and discomfort.

Certain behaviors can exacerbate TMJ dysfunction, though they aren't always entirely controllable. These habits include:

  • Using your teeth for tasks they're not designed for, like tearing off clothing tags.
  • Maintaining poor posture can place undue strain on your neck, shoulders, and facial muscles.
  • Chewing on objects like pens or pencils often manifests nervous behavior.
  • Excessive chewing of gum or ice can overtax the jaw muscles.
  • Taking large bites of food leads to increased strain on the jaw muscles.
  • Clenching or grinding your teeth during the day.
  • Sleeping on your stomach can put pressure on your jaw and exacerbate symptoms of TMJ dysfunction.
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Symptoms of TMJ

TMJ symptoms can manifest in diverse ways, encompassing:

  1. Jaw discomfort.
  2. Facial discomfort.
  3. Pain in the shoulders or neck.
  4. Jaw stiffness.
  5. Challenges in mouth opening or closure.
  6. Clicking or popping sensations in the jaw.
  7. Headaches.
  8. Migraines.
  9. Earaches.
  10. Toothaches.
  11. Tinnitus, characterized by ringing in the ears.
  12. Alterations in dental occlusion affect the way your teeth align.

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Diagnosis of TMJ

Diagnosing TMJ disorders can pose challenges as there are no standard tests for most conditions falling under this umbrella term. Our team of dental experts will evaluate your condition with various tests.

Our dental experts will check for swelling or tenderness in the jaw area during the examination. Additionally, they may utilize various imaging tests to gain further insights, including:

  • X-rays involve biting down on a small mouthpiece while the dentist moves an imaging machine around your head. X-rays help visualize the bones in and around your jaw and the positioning of your teeth.
  • CT Scan: A CT scan provides a more detailed view of the bones and joint tissues in the jaw compared to traditional X-rays.
  • MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers detailed images of the jaw's structure. Using a magnetic field, an MRI can identify any structural abnormalities within the jaw.
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TMJ Treatment at Capitol Square Dental, Columbus, OH

In certain instances, the symptoms associated with TMJ disorders might naturally dissipate without intervention. However, should these symptoms persist, a range of treatment options, often utilized concurrently, may be recommended by your healthcare provider.


To alleviate the pain linked with TMJ disorders, various medication options may be prescribed alongside other nonsurgical treatments:

  • Pain relievers and anti-inflammatories: If over-the-counter pain medications prove insufficient, your doctor or dentist might prescribe stronger pain relievers, like prescription strength ibuprofen, for a limited duration.
  • Tricyclic antidepressants: Though primarily used to treat depression, medications such as amitriptyline, when administered in low doses, may aid in pain relief, controlling bruxism, and managing sleeplessness.
  • Muscle relaxants: These drugs are occasionally prescribed for short periods to help alleviate pain resulting from TMJ disorders induced by muscle spasms.

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Non-drug therapies for TMJ disorders encompass:

  • Oral splints or mouth guards (occlusal appliances): Many individuals with jaw pain find relief by wearing a soft or firm device fitted over their teeth. However, the exact mechanisms of their efficacy are not fully understood.
  • Physical therapy: This involves exercises designed to stretch and strengthen jaw muscles, along with treatments such as ultrasound, moist heat, and ice.
  • Counseling: Education and counseling sessions can provide insight into factors and behaviors exacerbating your pain, enabling you to avoid them. Examples include teeth clenching or grinding, resting weight on your chin, or biting fingernails.

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Surgical or Other Procedures 

When conventional methods fail to yield results, your doctor may propose procedures like:

  • Arthrocentesis: This minimally invasive procedure involves inserting small needles into the joint to irrigate fluid through it, clearing debris and inflammatory byproducts.
  • Injections: Corticosteroid injections into the joint or botulinum toxin type A injections into the jaw muscles used for chewing might be beneficial for certain individuals.
  • TMJ arthroscopy: Utilizing a small cannula and arthroscope, this surgery can effectively treat various TMJ disorders with fewer risks compared to open-joint surgery.
  • Modified condylotomy: This procedure indirectly addresses the TMJ through surgery on the mandible, often recommended for pain treatment and alleviating locking sensations.
  • Open-joint surgery: If jaw pain persists despite conservative treatments and stems from a structural issue within the joint, open-joint surgery may be considered. However, this option involves more risks and should be carefully evaluated after discussing its pros and cons with your healthcare provider.

Should you require further information or wish to explore your treatment options for TMJ disorders, don't hesitate to contact us at Capitol Square Dental. Our expert team is dedicated to providing personalized care and guiding you toward relief and restored functionality.

Why Choose Capitol Square Dental for TMJ Treatment in Columbus, OH?

When you choose Capitol Square Dental for your TMJ treatment in Columbus, OH, you can expect the following:

  • Comprehensive assessment: The kind and severity of your TMJ condition will be carefully examined by our skilled dentists.
  • Customized treatment plan: We will create a plan of care that is specific to your requirements and objectives.
  • Conservative strategy: Whenever feasible, we give preference to non-invasive, conservative therapies.
  • Caring treatment: Our staff is dedicated to giving you the support you need during your treatment journey and is aware of the difficulties associated with having a temporomandibular joint disorder.
  • Advanced technology: Modern dentistry technology is used by us to guarantee precise diagnosis and efficient care.
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Schedule Your TMJ Treatment Consultation in Columbus, OH, Today!

Don't let TMJ pain control your life. Schedule a consultation with Capitol Square Dental today to discuss your TMJ concerns and explore treatment options.  Our friendly and knowledgeable team is dedicated to helping you achieve lasting relief and regain a healthy smile.

Contact us today to schedule your appointment!

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How long does TMJ dysfunction last?

The duration of TMD varies depending on individual circumstances. While mild cases may resolve within one to two weeks without intervention, severe instances can persist for several months or even years. TMJ disorder can manifest as either short-term (acute) or long-term (chronic) conditions.

Are TMJ disorders serious?

While some find relief from TMJ symptoms by addressing the cause, others face more severe issues. Surgery isn't recommended unless necessary due to limited evidence of its effectiveness. With various treatments available, working with your doctor to find the right solution for you is essential.

Can TMJ disorder be cured?

TMJ can stem from various factors, including jaw trauma or ongoing stress, making alleviating symptoms closely linked to addressing the root cause. Nevertheless, numerous individuals discover that their TMJ symptoms alleviate or resolve entirely over weeks or months with the implementation of home remedies.